Posts Tagged ‘motivation’

Increase your citation count, send me your data!

June 30th, 2017 No comments

I regularly email people asking for a copy of the data used in a paper they wrote. In around 32% of cases I don’t get any reply, around 12% promise to send the data when they are less busy (a few say they are just too busy) and every now and again people ask why I want the data.

After 6-12 months, I email again saying that I am still interested in their data; a few have replied with apologies and the data.

I need a new strategy to motivate people to spend some time tracking down their data and sending it to me; there are now over 200 data-sets possibly lost forever!

I think those motivated by the greater good will have already responded. It is time to appeal to baser instincts, e.g., self-interest. The currency of academic life is paper citations, which translate into status in the community, which translate into greater likelihood of grant proposals being accepted (i.e., money to do what they want to do).

Sending data gets researchers one citation in my book (I am ruthless about not citing a paper if I don’t get any data).

My current argument is that once their data is publicly available (and advertised in my book) lots of other researchers will use it and more citation to their work will follow; they also get an exclusive, I only use one data-set for each topic (actually data is hard to get hold of, so the exclusivity offer is spin).

To back up my advertising claims I point out that influential people are writing about my book and it’s all over social media. If you want me to add you to the list of influential people, send me a link to what you have written (I have no shame).

If you write about my book, please talk about the data and that researchers who make their data public are the only ones who deserve funding and may citations rain down on them.

That is the carrot approach, how can I apply some stick to motivate people?

I could point out that if they don’t send me their data their work is doomed to obscurity, because I will use somebody else’s (skipping over the minor detail of data being hard to find). Research has found that people are less willing to share their data if the strength of the evidence is weak; calling out somebody like that is do-or-die.

If you write about my book, please talk about the data and point out that researchers who don’t make their data public have something to hide and should not be funded.

Since the start of 2017, researchers in the UK receiving government research grants are required to archive their data and make it available. This is good for future researchers, but not a lot of use for me now.

What do readers think? Ideas and suggestions welcome.

Free range software developers: Are they cost effective?

July 14th, 2013 No comments

I have just been reading an eye-opening article by Ramin Shokrizade about the techniques that online game designers use to extract money from players. Playing computer games and writing software have a great deal in common, two important characteristics they both share are being immersive and very enjoyable.

Reward Removal

From the article: “The technique involves giving the player some really huge reward, that makes them really happy, and then threatening to take it away if they do not spend.” Hmm, this sounds familiar. Beginner programmers are very resistant to deleting any code they have written, whereas more experienced developers are much less resistant to deleting code but they often put up a fight if an attempt is made to remove a feature they are responsible for creating.

“The longer you allow the player to have the reward before you take it away, the more powerful is the effect.” Wot! Remove this feature? What if somebody somewhere is using it?

“… uses the same technique at the end of each dungeon again in the form of an inventory cap. The player is given a number of “eggs” as rewards, the contents of which have to be held in inventory. If your small inventory space is exceeded, again those eggs are taken from you unless you spend to increase your inventory space.” Why are there no researchers with this kind of penetrating insight investigating how to make software engineering more cost effective? We continue to suffer from the programming is logic by other means world view, promulgated by the failed mathematicians that populate so many computing departments.

Premium Currencies

“To maximize the efficacy of a coercive monetization model, you must use a premium currency, …” [a premium currency is in-game money that is disconnected from real wold money]. The lesson here is that if you want software developers to make decisions relating to real world events you need to provide a direct and transparent connection to the real world. Hide the connection under layers of abstraction or vague metrics and developers can be easily fooled into making poor decisions.

Skill Games vs. Money Games

“A game of skill … ability to make sound decisions primarily determines … success. A money game … ability to spend money is the primary determinant of … success. Consumers far prefer skill games to money games, …. A key skill in deploying a coercive monetization model is to disguise your money game as a skill game.”

I think most developers consider their job to be one of making skillful decisions rather than one of making money for their employer, rationalizing that these skillful decisions result in their employer making money. Hmm, how much time do developers spend in skillful activity for what appear to outsiders as obscure coding issues; skillful activity is enjoyable while doing what makes most money for one’s employer can result in having to do lots of really dull and boring tasks. I cannot help but think that skill here is playing the role of a premium currency.

The big difference between playing a game and writing software is that in most cases a game has a well defined ending, a path exists to get there and players know when they get there. One of the reasons that managing software developers is like herding cats is that the ‘end’ is often very fuzzy and ill-defined. This does not mean that factory farming techniques are not applicable to software development, just that we have not yet figured out which techniques work.