## Maths GCE from 1972 (paper 2)

While sorting through some old papers I came across my GCE maths O level exam papers from the summer of 1972. They are known as GCSE exams these days and are taken by 16 year olds at the end of their final year of compulsory education in the UK. I was lucky enough to have a maths teacher who believed in encouraging students to excel and I (plus five others) took this exam when we were 15. I never got the chance to thank Mr Merritt for the profound effect he had on my life.

For many years the average grades achieved by students in the UK has had a steady upward trend and some people claim the exams are getting easier (others that students are better taught, or at least better taught to pass exams). These days students have calculators and don’t use log tables, so question 3 of Section A is not applicable.

Exam papers in the UK are written by various examining boards. Mine were from the University of London, Syllabus D. I have two papers labeled “Mathematics 2″ and “Mathematics 3″ and don’t recall if there was ever a “Mathematics 1″. The following are the questions from “Mathematics 2″.

**Two hours**

**Answer ALL questions in Section A and any FOUR questions in Section B.**

**All necessary working must be shown.**

**Section A**

- Factorise
Hence, or otherwise, find the

*exact*value of**4 marks** - Given that , express in terms of and .
**3 marks** - Use four digit tables to evaluate .
**4 marks** - Given that is a factor of , calculate the value of .
**3 marks** -
In the diagram ∠DBC = ∠BAD and ADC is a straight line. State which of the two triangles are similar.

If AB = 7 cm, BC = 6 cm and DC = 4 cm, calculate the lengths of AC and BD.

**5 marks** - A bicycle wheel has diameter 35 cm. Calculate how many revolutions it makes every minute when the bicycle is travelling at 33 km/h. [ Take as 22/7 ]
**4 marks** - Calculate the gradient of the curve at the point (1, -5). Calculate also the coordinates of the point on the curve where the gradient is 1.
**4 marks** -
In the diagram, AB is parallel to DC, AB = AD and ∠C = 90°. Prove that ∠DAB = 2∠DBC.

**5 marks**

**Section B**

**Answer any FOUR questions from this section**

*Take as 3.142 when required*

- A ship is at the point P (54°N, 55°W). Calculate the distance, in nautical miles, of P from the equator.
The ship then sails 500 nautical miles due East to a point Q. Calculate the latitude and longitude of Q.

An aircraft flies due South at a constant height of 10 000 m from the point vertically above P to a point vertically above the equator. Taking the earth to be a sphere of radius 6 370 km, calculate the length of the arc along which the aircraft flies.

**17 marks** - Draw a circle of radius 5.5 cm.
*Using ruler and compasses only*, construct a tangent to the circle at any point A on its circumference.*Using a protractor*, construct the points A, B and C on this circle so that the angles A, B and C of the triangle ABC are 50°, 56° and 74° respectively.By a further construction

*using ruler and compasses only*, obtain a point X on the tangent at A which is equidistant from the lines AB and BC.Measure the length of AX.

**17 marks** - (i) Find the smallest positive term in the arithmetic progression 76, 74½, 73 … .
Find also the number of positive terns in the progression and the sum of these positive terms.

(ii) The first and fourth terms in a geometric progression are and respectively. Find the second and third terms of the progression.

**17 marks** -
The diagram represents a roof-truss in which AB = AC = 8 m, BC = 11 m, BD = DC and ∠DBC = 20°.

Calculate

(a) the length BD,

(b) the angle ABC,

(c) the length AD.

- Draw the graph of for values of from -1 to +4, taking 2 cm as one unit on the x-axis and 1 cm as one unit on the y-axis. From your graph, find the range of values of for which the function is greater than 6.
Using the sane axes and scales, draw the graph of and write down the coordinates of the points of intersection of the two graphs.

if is the quadratic equation of which these coordinates are the roots, determine the values of and .

**17 marks** - A particle starts from rest at a point A and moves along a straight line, coming to rest again at another point B. During the motion its velocity, metres per second, after time is given by .
Calculate:

(a) the time taken for the particle to reach B.

(b) the distance travelled during the first two seconds,

(c) the time taken for the particle to attain its maximum velocity,

(d) the maximum velocity attained,

(e) the maximum acceleration during the motion.

**17 marks**

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